The European Parliament agreed to a report that seeks to recognise parenthood in all EU member states.
Surrogate mothers carry and bear children for people who cannot do so on their own. Read the articles on this topic on this page.
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EU Member States should be forced to recognise LGBT parents, even if they forbid it in their own legislation, a committee in the European Parliament believes. Especially opponents of surrogacy are concerned.
A Moscow court handed jail sentences to six people involved in surrogacy for “trafficking in people who are in an obviously helpless state.”
Something was just wrong, but Olivia Maurel did not know what. Until she found out that her parents paid for her. She found her biological mother after a long search.
“Reproductive exploitation” is on its way to becoming an EU-wide crime.
Many Danes have a surrogate child from Ukraine. But even when the eggs and semen were Danish, are they the parents legally? The governments’ experts dare not give an advice but three models.
Surrogacy should not be criminalised, and the now frequently used derogatory term utero in affitto (uterus for rent) should be abolished. This was decided by the Synod of Waldensians, Methodists and Baptists last week.
The Greek authorities dismantled a network allegedly exploiting women as surrogate mothers and egg donors. The clinic involved says it only wants to "help people."
A prominent German church musician has settled with his local church over the dispute about surrogacy. While the Church condemns the practice, the cantor pursued his desires for a child.
The Speaker of the Russian Parliament claims that Ukraine is trafficking children by permitting surrogacy. Something that Russia partly banned last year.
What is surrogacy?
Surrogacy is a practice in which a woman, known as a surrogate, carries and gives birth to a baby on behalf of another person or couple, known as the intended parents. Surrogacy is mostly used by people who do not want to get pregnant but still want to have a baby or people who have fertility problems or biological obstacles—for example, single people or LGBT couples.
There are two primary types of surrogacy: altruistic surrogacy and commercial surrogacy. The main difference between the two lies in whether the surrogate receives financial compensation beyond the reimbursement of her medical and pregnancy-related expenses.
In an altruistic surrogacy, the surrogate might get compensated for her expenses. Still, she does not profit from carrying someone's baby. Her expenses may include medical bills and other pregnancy-related costs. Critics argue that it is difficult to assess whether altruistic surrogacy only covers expenses and is an advance towards commercial surrogacy.
Commercial surrogates do get a financial reward for carrying a baby. Commercial surrogacy often involves fertility clinics and contractual agreements. The amount a surrogate mother receives varies from country to country. Currently, few countries allow commercial surrogacy.
What are popular surrogacy destinations?
The most popular surrogacy destination is the United States, specifically California. It is one of the few states that allows intended parents to establish their legal parental rights to their child before birth. In addition, everything around surrogacy is legally well-regulated. Besides giving wish parents confidence, this also drives up the price. The average price for a child is around 95,000 euros.
There are cheaper alternatives in Europe, but they are subject to change.
Ukraine is a popular destination with favourable legislation and lower prices (around €15,000 for a child). However, Russia's full-scale invasion complicates matters.
In South America, commercial surrogacy is starting to gain ground, but the lack of legal frameworks concerns pro-surrogacy organisations.
Why do people oppose surrogacy?
Surrogacy is viewed differently, but among Christians and conservatives, the practice is controversial. In doing so, they look at both the role of the surrogate mother and the child.
Some argue that surrogacy can exploit women, particularly those from economically disadvantaged backgrounds, by pressuring them into carrying pregnancies for others for financial gain.
Traditional family values and the natural order are also frequently pointed out in Christian circles. Surrogacy, they say, is not compatible with these views.
Where is surrogacy legal in Europe?
Last updated on 3/10/2023. Feedback? Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.